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♻️ 40% E-waste Recycling. 7.4M Tobacco Deaths. Colleges.

Chart of the Day #80 looks at Education in India, E-waste Management and Smoking-Related Deaths

Përshëndetje 👋

Scientists have discovered a saline solution-based method that efficiently recovers critical minerals from e-waste. This method selectively recovers manganese, magnesium, dysprosium, and neodymium from spent electronics. The UK is set to ban tobacco sales for a ‘smoke-free’ generation. The restrictions will apply to the sale of cigarettes in the UK, where under the new law, the legal age for cigarette sales, currently 18, will increase by one year each year.

Today's Topics

🎓 Education in India. College count in India rises to 43.8K in 2021
♻️ E-waste Management. Europe and Oceania lead in e-waste collection and recycling
🚬 Smoking. Global smoking crisis accounts for 7.4M annual deaths

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🎓 College Count in India Rises to 43.8K in 2021

The higher education sector in India encompasses over 1,000 universitiesThe higher education sector in India encompasses over 1,000 universities, including colleges affiliated with central or state universities, which expanded by 4,746 in 2018 to reach 43,796 in 2021. Recent reforms in the Indian higher education sector, including the University Grants Commission (UGC) mandating internships for undergraduates and issuing new guidelines for institutional development, signify its dynamic progression. 

With the projected number of higher education students in India expected to reach 92 million by 2035, the sector is rapidly evolving, prioritizing quality, infrastructure, and internationalization to meet global standards and attract both national and international students. Initiatives such as the four-year undergraduate program by the Indira Gandhi National Open University and the establishment of international campus branches aim to offer flexible opportunities through online and distance learning. The sector offers vast opportunities for development and investment, with a growing emphasis on innovation, technology integration, and strategic capacity building.

♻️ Europe and Oceania Lead in E-waste Collection and Recycling

In 2022, Europe and Oceania led in e-waste collection and recycling rates, while Asia and Africa lagged behind significantly. This divide stems from the implementation of stringent directives in the EU, such as the Waste Framework Directive (WFD) and the Packaging & Packaging Waste Directive (PPWD). These directives set ambitious recycling targets for member states, compelling them to establish effective collection and sorting systems. Many Oceanic countries have followed suit, adopting similar policies modeled after the EU and enacting their own national regulations to promote recycling and waste reduction.

Approximately 80% of e-waste from the US and many other countries is shipped to Asia. Despite being developed regions, recycling rates remain low compared to the substantial e-waste generated per capita. For instance, Europe produces an average of 17.6kg of e-waste per capita but only recycles 7.5kg per capita. In the Americas, the gap widens further: with 14.1kg of waste per capita, only 4.2kg is recycled. This underscores the pressing need for robust e-waste management infrastructure to tackle this escalating crisis.

🚬 Global Smoking Crisis Accounts for 7.4M Annual Deaths

Smoking is a significant global health issue, resulting in 7.4 million deaths annually. Ischemic heart disease ranks as the primary cause of smoking-related fatalities, with nearly a quarter of all ischemic heart disease deaths (2 million) attributed to smoking. In comparison, asthma and lip and oral cancer contribute to a lower number of deaths (0.2 million).

The crisis has extended beyond individuals, impacting families, communities, and healthcare systems. It widens health disparities, particularly among vulnerable populations. Addiction hinders public health initiatives while increasing healthcare costs and reducing productivity globally. However, governments have been responding to the issue with initiatives ranging from stricter regulations to smoking, anti-smoking laws in enclosed public places, and campaigns.

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